The Mandatory Evolution Statement

Let’s analyze a typical reference to Evolution in a scientifically oriented article. This random passage from Wikipedia refers to Diatoms: Heterokont chloroplasts appear to derive from those of red algae, rather than directly from prokaryotes as occurred in plants. This suggests they had a more recent origin than many other algae. However, fossil evidence is […]

Free Will and its Burden

Free Will is the belief that at least some our actions are not completely determined by agencies beyond our power. “Some” is more than “none”, but it doesn’t have to be “most” or even “many”. Thus, the burden of proof against Free Will is impossibly high as all – not just some – of our […]

Life and Entropy

Does Life violate Entropy (gradual decline into disorder)? “No”, say the supporters of Darwinism, “non-equilibrium open systems weakly driven by external energy sources can see localized drops in entropy”. We’re told that “Snowflakes, sand dunes and turbulent vortices all … are strikingly patterned structures that emerge in many-particle systems driven by some dissipative process.” Of […]

Arising of everything

Too often it’s assumed that thing “arise”. As in: a. “The universe arises in the Big Bang” b. “Life arises from non life” c. “Human intelligence arises from animals” d. “Consciousness arises” e. “AI machines will arise” It’s better to say “we have no idea” than assume these – so far – insurmountable, qualitative jumps […]

Random Abuse

  You toss a coin and it always comes up Heads. Does that mean the coin is loaded? What does any other sequence of Heads and Tails tell us? When can we be certain that an outcome is random? In fact, we can never tell from the results whether an outcome is random or not […]

Best Religion

We all have Beliefs, whether we admit or not, whether we are part of any established Religion, whether we call our Beliefs Philosophy, the Cult of Science, or anything else. Our experiences are unique, so we often disagree with each other, even when we are part of the same Belief System. Of course none of […]

Evolution is Creation

Evolution is defined as (a) “Changes in gene frequencies in populations” or (b) “The process through which the characteristics of organisms change over successive generations, by means of genetic variation and natural selection” or (c) “Evolution is Common Descent”.  However, (a) is too broad as every newborn changes the gene frequency in a population, (b) […]

Atheism is Religion

Like all religions, atheism has a strong Belief System, transcending the Observable, about the origin and organization of the universe – the primary matters concerning any Religion. It is not the first, the last, or the only Religion that rejects God. The main difference between atheists and agnostics is that agnostics have an incomplete (“don’t […]

Tools of Knowledge

Archimedes said “Give me a place to stand on, and I will move the Earth”. Does Human Knowledge have “a place to stand on”?     We have our senses and we have our intelligence. We are handy and have developed all sorts of helping tools. We have mathematics (including logic and statistics), scientific laws, laws […]

Philosophy, Religion, and Science

How do we know anything? There are three accepted methods to acquire primary knowledge: Philosophical based on Reason, Scientific, based on Observation plus Reason, and Religious based on Belief. However, upon closer inspection, these three methods show strong dependencies. Philosophy and Science (i.e. Scientific Method) require Belief that Reason is a valid method to acquire […]