Biological Information

‘Information’, ‘data’ and ‘media’ are distinct concepts. Media is the mechanical support for data and can be any material including DNA and RNA in biology. Data is the symbols that carry information and are stored and transmitted on the media. ACGT nucleotides forming strands of DNA are biologic data. Information is an entity that answers […]

Free Will lives, Determinism died

What should be the default view on Free Will? We talk about Free Will because we feel it in us and in the actions of all other. Even those attempting to disprove Free Will prove instead its existence by trying to persuade us, when lack of Free Will would make this effort futile. We can […]

AlphaGo wins! Has AI arrived?

No! AlphaGo is just a tool designed by humans. Like a vehicle or an industrial machine, it beats the bare-handed human at a certain task. AlphaGo is just an extension of its designers’ intelligence. Could humans ever hope to beat AlphaGo in a rematch? No doubt. Given enough resources, a competing human team will be […]

Knowledge and Intelligence

Knowledge and Intelligence The human knowledge frontier grows every day as new discoveries are captured in our various databases. A common image often shown is the ever increasing (exponential) body of human knowledge. The curve is neat and suggests a forever accelerating growth of our knowledge. However, those not keen to the distinction between knowledge […]